Land degradation caused by deforestation, overgrazing, and inappropriate irrigation practices affects about 16% of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). incorporating shrinkage in the soil hydraulic parameters/functions determined on confined It is non-renewable resource which is degraded day by day. helps in different biological transformation such as organic matter conversion and biological nitrogen fixation. Soil provides base for agriculture crop production and microbial activity is very important to improve soil health for Zinc is a vital element that plays an important role in many biological processes. potential of agricultural land while safeguarding environmental quality. The Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) Impact Program seeks to avoid further degradation, desertification, and deforestation of land and ecosystems in drylands through the sustainable management of production landscapes. water deficient condition, flood, tornado that would greatly harm the water balance and agriculture production in upcoming years. Land degradation is a process in which the value of the biophysical environment is affected by a combination of human-induced processes acting upon the land. This report examines sustainable land management (SLM) and its potential as an integrative strategy to address multiple environmental and sustainable development objectives. Globally annual degradation cost is about USD 40 billion. Agriculture sector is directly linked with land while most of the agriculture land is degraded by some factors. Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through depletion of resources such as air, water and soil; the destruction of ecosystems; habitat destruction; the extinction of wildlife; and pollution.It is defined as any change or disturbance to the environment perceived to be deleterious or undesirable. Other hand land degradation is a continuing deterioration of environment and production. showed that bypass flow corresponded with about 70-74% of cumulative yearly rainfall, The UN says land degradation affects 1.5 billion people globally. Land degradation is an ecological sensation that disturbing arid lands and effect the economic and natural excellence of an agronomic land. ► Relation between global assessments and local interventions are non-existent. regarding their importance, people think about the negative impact of microorganisms because in many cases microbes Combating them is a thrust area identified [by the MoEF&CC],” ISRO said. This form of study reports the potential physical effects of environmental change on agriculture. And as fertile soil washes away, agricultural producers move on, clearing more forest and continuing the cycle of soil loss. And our work in land degradation supports other focal areas such as Biodiversity and Climate Change by generating multiple benefits. Generally, land degradation has a number of environmental impacts on regional and global level. It poses a serious threat to biodiversity loss [ 3 ], food and energy security [ 4 ], land desertification [ 5, 6 ], sustainable socio-economic system development and human living environments [ 7 ]. The direct sources of these emissions are use of tillage practices, fossil fuels, manuring of livestock and use of fertilized agricultural soils in large proportion. Land degradation considers as a phenomena or more that decrease the current and/or the potential soil capability to produce goods. sodification in part of the soil volume that is in contact with the roots. 560 pp. Recommendations are provided to guide investment in support of SLM, and planning of SLM programs. In terms of outcomes, the land related conflicts significantly decreased, 109 cases of access to land, services, and infrastructures were solved, and 26,000 producers were given sustainable access to land for cultivation and market gardens, 67% of beneficiaries being women. Land is a vital resource to humankind, like air and water. ► Relation between global assessments and local interventions are non-existent. Abstract. It highlights the linkages between SLM and soil health, land degradation, food security, climate changes mitigation and adaptation. Global Land Degradation: . Various sources suggest that 5 to 10 million hectares worldwide are being lost annually to Biomass, soil chemical properties and carbon dioxide (CO 2) of six levels of degraded lands (D1–D6, according to the number of rodent holes and coverage) were investigated to examine the effects of rodent-induced land degradation on an alpine meadow ecosystem. Some conservation and preventive/remedial strategies are put forward in the concluding chapter. In recent years, over-water pumping of underground aquifers, has led to land subsidence, especially in arid and semi-arid regions. Land degradation is a widespread global problem, particularly severe in the developing countries, which has led to the valid concerns about food security and environmental quality (Bhattacharyya et al., 2015; Gomiero, 2016). It negatively affects food production, livelihoods, and the production and provision of other ecosystem goods and services. Connecting forest health to climate action, GEF Land Degradation Tracking Tool (GEF-6), GEF Land Degradation Tracking Tool (GEF-5), GEF-4 Focal Area Strategies and Strategic Programming, GEF-3 Operational Program in Land Degradation, Integrated Ecosystem Management - English, Delivering Transformational Change: The Journey of the Global Environment Facility, The Restoration Initiative Year in Review 2019, Food Systems, Land Use and Restoration Impact Program, Sustainable Forest Management Impact Program: Amazon Sustainable Landscapes. saline/sodic waters are increasingly used in many arid and semi-arid regions of the world. Essay # 3. The soil finds its way into beds of streams and rivers, thus reducing their … Agriculture directly depends on the broader environment and uses about a 3rd of the world's land surface. Photograph courtesy of Chetan Soni, 2009 UNCCD Photo Contest. Land degradation effects on a global scale 2.6 billion people depend directly on agriculture, but 52% of the land used for agriculture is moderately or severely affected by soil degradation. Our investments have greatly enhanced the potential for restoring degraded land. Desertification is the persistent degradation of dry land ecosystems by human activities and by climate change. Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, P, Department of Management sciences, Bahria University Islamabad, Pakistan, Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan, , , . These, in turn diminish the availability of nutrients and water to the plants and ultimately the productivity of the land. ► Current degradation assessments and impact give divergent and unverified outcomes. Land degradation which is also seen as a decline in land quality caused by human activities, has been a major global issue since the 20th century and it has remained high on the international agenda in the 21st century. observations, a different flow behaviour was observed in the laboratory in cylindrical soil proposes principles for SLM that promote soil health, productivity and ecosystem services; presents a framework for identifying SLM practices suited to the context and objectives; provides guidance on identifying indicators for evaluation of a site in terms of land potential and soil condition, and indicators for monitoring outcomes of SLM investments; discusses the barriers to adoption of good practice for SLM; and provides recommendations for developing and implementing SLM programs in ways that optimise global environmental benefits. The condition of the soil is one of the best indicators of land degradation. The Food Systems, Land Use, and Restoration (FOLUR) Impact Program provides the opportunity for an integrated approach to implementing sustainable land management to increase the prospects for food security for smallholders and communities that are dependent on farming for their livelihoods. Land degradation is not only one of the most serious environmental problems in the world, but also one of the major social and economic issues. The soil integrates a variety of important processes involving vegetation growth, overland flow of water, infiltration, land use and land management. And as fertile soil washes away, agricultural producers move on, clearing more forest and continuing the cycle of soil loss. Moreover, This paper also reveals the results of soil testing before and after the ISFM procedure is done on 3 different types of degraded soil samples taken. It signifies a regression from a higher to lower state, owing to descend in land capability, productivity, and decline of biodiversity. Natural hazards are excluded as a cause; however human activities can indirectly affect phenomena such as floods and bush fires. The report explores the anthropogenic and natural drivers of land degradation, and the potential environmental and socioeconomic benefits of SLM; examines the role of SLM in addressing the critical challenge of global food security; describes the key processes of land degradation and their impacts, as the basis for developing good practice guidance on SLM that is scientifically sound and robust; and that models not accounting for bypass flow may lead to a significant overprediction of influence that land use may have on soil structure and bypass flow phenomena. There is loss of not only water and plant nutrients but ultimately soil itself is lost, which, in turn, affects crop productivity. 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